November Analysis Roundup: What We’re Studying


By Emma Walsh-Alker

CHIR had loads to be glad about this November, together with new well being coverage analysis. For the newest installment of our month-to-month analysis roundup, we reviewed research on client consciousness of Medicaid renewals resuming when the COVID-19 public well being emergency (PHE) expires, integrating well being fairness into value-based cost fashions, and traits in hospital consolidation throughout well being care markets.

Jennifer M. Haley, Michael Karpman, Genevieve M. Kenney, Stephen Zuckerman, Most Adults in Medicaid-Enrolled Households Are Unaware of Medicaid Renewals Resuming within the Future, City Institute, November 15, 2022. Underneath the Medicaid steady protection requirement tied to the COVID-19 PHE, state Medicaid businesses are prohibited from disenrolling beneficiaries all through the PHE as a situation of receiving elevated federal funding. Utilizing knowledge from their June 2022 Well being Reform Monitoring Survey, researchers on the City Institute evaluated the extent to which adults aged 18-64 who’re both enrolled in Medicaid or have a member of the family enrolled in Medicaid or CHIP are conscious of this upcoming change.

What it Finds

  • The bulk (62 %) of the adults surveyed had heard “nothing in any respect” in regards to the resumption of Medicaid renewals.
    • Solely 5 % of the survey group had heard “loads” in regards to the renewals, with the remainder of respondents listening to “some” (16.2 %) or “solely slightly” (15.7 %).
    • Greater than half (56.5 %) of grownup respondents who enrolled in Medicaid after the continual protection requirement started had heard nothing about renewals resuming.
  • Respondents who had heard something in regards to the upcoming renewals reported acquiring this info from quite a lot of sources.
    • The biggest share of those respondents (34.3 %) indicated they acquired info from a media supply together with TV, social media, radio, or a newspaper. The following largest share of the group (30.6 %) acquired info from a state company. A few quarter (24.5 %) of respondents conscious of renewals resuming acquired info from a well being insurer or plan, whereas 17.8 % came upon from a well being care supplier, and 6.5 % heard from one other supply.
    • Half (50.4 %) of respondents conscious of upcoming renewals reported receiving a discover that they might want to renew their protection. Different widespread messages acquired included a request to replace contact info (reported by 36.4 % of the group) or confirm eligibility info similar to earnings (34.4 %).
    • Fewer respondents on this group have been knowledgeable about different protection sources out there to them if they’re decided now not eligible for Medicaid (29.1 %) or how you can entry client help through the renewal course of (21.3 %).

Why it Issues
With the PHE lately prolonged into 2023, stakeholders proceed to put together for the huge wave of protection transitions anticipated to happen as soon as Medicaid renewals resume. Low ranges of client consciousness in regards to the upcoming resumption of Medicaid renewals are a trigger for concern as stakeholders search to attenuate protection losses. Whereas sources similar to social media and information broadcasts could also be reaching the widest viewers, there are nonetheless alternatives for state businesses and well being plans to conduct extra individualized outreach concerning potential modifications to an enrollee’s protection, and steps they’ll take to replace their info earlier than renewals resume. Offering sources on inexpensive various protection choices and connecting folks to enrollment assisters might be particularly essential for the 15 million people projected to lose Medicaid, a lot of whom might be eligible for backed market protection.

William Okay. Bleser, Yolande Pokam Tchuisseu, Humphrey Shen, Andrea Thoumi, Deborah R. Kaye, and Robert S. Saunders, Advancing Fairness By Worth-Based mostly Fee: Implementation And Analysis To Assist Design Objectives, Well being Affairs, November 4, 2022. Worth-based cost (VBP) fashions tie supplier reimbursement to high quality metrics, price financial savings, or each. Researchers accomplished a scan of related coverage and literature to establish finest practices for the design and implementation of equity-driven VBP fashions to provide you with a set of suggestions.

What it Finds

  • Researchers suggest that VBP fashions take into account fairness of their affected person attribution design—how fashions establish a patient-provider relationship—to keep away from excluding marginalized sufferers from collaborating in VBP packages.
    • VBP fashions attributing sufferers based mostly on claims knowledge are much less prone to seize sufferers which have fewer encounters with outpatient care settings, however sufferers of shade usually tend to report having no traditional supply of care than white sufferers for quite a lot of causes, together with lack of entry or distrust within the well being care system.
    • To stop racial and ethnic biases in affected person attribution, researchers suggest that VBP fashions develop the variety of well being care settings they settle for claims from to incorporate telehealth and inpatient hospital visits.
    • Continued deal with how you can remove implicit biases in danger adjustment fashions can also be essential to equitable affected person attribution.
  • Lively outreach to underserved affected person populations is required to extend entry to and engagement with VBP fashions.
    • Researchers suggest that VBP advisory boards and focus teams proceed to incorporate representatives from underserved affected person populations.
    • Clinicians can function helpful messengers to speak with sufferers a few VBP mannequin and the way it may benefit them. Moreover, payers ought to think about using extra broadly accessible outreach strategies similar to textual content messaging to offer details about VBP.
    • Cultural competency and “cultural humility”—the observe of understanding the complexities of a affected person’s id and experiences—ought to be prioritized in all outreach surrounding a VBP mannequin. Payers can undertake high quality measures associated to supplier communications and well being literacy to advertise these targets.
  • VBP fashions ought to foster cross-sector collaboration to handle social determinants of well being points.
    • Researchers spotlight the Accountable Well being Communities mannequin, which established monetary incentives for social wants screenings and promoted integration of medical and neighborhood companies.
    • Well being knowledge alternate networks and built-in know-how platforms can even assist join sufferers to neighborhood sources. As an example, the state of North Carolina pioneered a shared platform referred to as NCCARE360 to attach sufferers with native companies.
  • Analysis of VBP fashions’ efficiency ought to be grounded in equity-based metrics, which require extra sturdy knowledge assortment.

Why it Issues
By making a monetary incentive for suppliers to handle social determinants of well being in looking for to enhance care high quality, VBP fashions have the potential to advance well being fairness. Nonetheless, if these cost fashions usually are not explicitly designed to learn marginalized teams, the deal with worth might additionally perpetuate inequities. The Facilities for Medicare & Medicaid Companies (CMS) lately introduced an up to date Medicare mannequin, “ACO REACH,” which instructs collaborating accountable care organizations to measurably scale back well being disparities of their beneficiary populations starting in 2023. As value-based cost garners continued consideration on the state and federal stage, these suggestions for equity-based VBP design and implementation can inform policymakers and payers initiatives.

Brent D. Fulton, Daniel R. Arnold, Jaime S. King, Alexandra D. Montague, Thomas L. Greaney, and Richard M. Scheffler, The Rise Of Cross-Market Hospital Techniques And Their Market Energy In The US, Well being Affairs, November 2022. Utilizing hospital system knowledge from the American Hospital Affiliation’s annual survey between 2009–2019, researchers look at traits in hospital mergers and acquisitions that occurred throughout separate geographic markets and the way shifts in market energy could also be impacting shoppers. Researchers used city “commuting zones”—a grouping of areas inside which staff usually commute to work, which function a proxy for the place shoppers journey for hospital companies—to outline the geographic markets by which hospitals take part.

What it Finds

  • From 2010 to 2019, 1,500 hospitals joined a hospital system, bringing the share of hospitals in a hospital system up 58 % in 2009 to 67 % in 2019.
    • Particular person hospitals becoming a member of state hospital programs accounted for almost all of this enhance.
  • Whereas the vast majority of hospital programs owned ten or fewer hospitals in 2019, the biggest hospital programs comprised a disproportionate share of hospital possession, accounting for 65 % of all hospitals inside programs.
  • Throughout the commuting zones studied, hospital programs had a median market share of 23 %, whereas impartial hospitals’ market share averaged 13 %.
  • Hospital programs that owned hospitals in two or extra commuting zones have been categorized as “cross-market,” and should have extra leverage in contract negotiations with payers.
    • Of the 368 complete hospital programs working in 2019, 216 programs (59 %) have been cross-market programs.
    • Researchers recognized hospital programs in city commuting zones with potential “enhanced cross-market energy,” or the power to leverage market energy throughout completely different geographic markets throughout contract negotiations with payers. The variety of hospital programs with enhanced cross-market energy elevated by 54 % over the research interval, from 37 to 57 programs.

Why it Issues
Hospital programs are more and more consolidating market energy throughout the nation, usually resulting in larger prices for sufferers. Though cross-market hospital mergers have usually not been deemed anticompetitive as a result of hospitals in numerous service areas are competing for various affected person populations, authors of this research emphasised that in contract negotiations with payers, hospital programs could leverage energy in a single market to ascertain larger costs throughout markets (as an example, by requiring insurers to contract with a number of hospitals within the system as a situation of their contract with a selected hospital). Whereas some antitrust enforcement motion has occurred concerning cross-market mergers, notably in California, this consolidation pattern and its potential anticompetitive penalties are value monitoring as policymakers search to curb rising well being care prices.


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