It’s been nearly 13 years because the inception of the Inexpensive Care Act (ACA), formally often known as the Affected person Safety and Inexpensive Care Act and informally known as Obamacare. 

A historic U.S. federal statute that was enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into regulation by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, it has modified healthcare protection in a number of respects right here within the U.S.

Together with the Well being Care and Training Reconciliation Act of 2010 modification, the ACA represents the healthcare system’s most important regulatory overhaul and growth of protection because the enactment of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965

Over a decade later, enterprise homeowners have change into fairly a bit extra accustomed to ins and outs of the ACA’s necessities for employers. As well as, in that interim many states have added to or made modifications to their explicit strategy to reasonably priced well being care.

Nonetheless, new enterprise homeowners and smaller companies should still have many questions on what’s and what’s not required of them.

Find Out How EASE Can Make Employee Enrollment and Benefit Management A Breeze


Maybe the easiest way to outline the Inexpensive Care Act is to easily defer to the outline offered by the U.S. Division of Well being & Human Companies web site entry:

“The Affected person Safety and Inexpensive Care Act, known as the Inexpensive Care Act or “ACA” for brief, is the excellent well being care reform regulation enacted in March 2010.

The regulation has 3 major objectives:

  • Make reasonably priced medical health insurance accessible to extra individuals. The regulation offers customers with subsidies (“premium tax credit”) that decrease prices for households with incomes between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty stage (FPL). 
  • Develop the Medicaid program to cowl all adults with revenue under 138% of the FPL. Not all states have expanded their Medicaid applications.
  • Assist progressive medical care supply strategies designed to decrease the prices of well being care usually.”

Of explicit relevance to enterprise homeowners who’re employers is what is usually often known as the employer mandate.

Merely put, this requirement mandates that employers with 50 or extra full-time employees or equivalents (FTEs) should provide medical health insurance that’s reasonably priced and offers minimal worth to 95 % of their full-time workers and their kids as much as the top of the month through which they flip age 26 or be topic to penalties.

Nonetheless, for these employers with 49 or fewer full-time employees or equivalents are not required to supply their employees medical health insurance choices. The truth is, as it’s acknowledged on the web site,

“No small employer, usually these with fewer than 50 full-time and full-time equal workers, is topic to the Employer Shared Duty Cost, no matter whether or not they provide medical health insurance to their workers.”

Nonetheless, many so-called “small companies” want to make well being protection a profit providing regardless of this not being a requirement.

To that finish, the ACA established the Small Enterprise Well being Choices Program (SHOP) for small employers who wish to present well being and dental protection to their workers. 


Typically talking, most all small companies (and non-profits) with fewer than 50 workers can use the Small Enterprise Well being Choices Program, or SHOP, to buy well being protection.

Amongst different advantages, enrolling in SHOP insurance coverage might permit you to get the Small Enterprise Well being Care Tax Credit score. Your organization might qualify when you’ve got fewer than 25 full-time equal (FTE) workers making a median annual wage of about $56,000 or much less.

So, what are the necessities for enrolling your small enterprise in SHOP?

To enroll, buy, and provide Small Enterprise Well being Choices Program (SHOP) medical health insurance in addition to dental insurance coverage to your workers, your online business or non-profit group should meet these 4 necessities:

  1. Have 1-50 full-time equal workers (FTEs)

To qualify for SHOP, you should have at the very least one FTE worker aside from homeowners, spouses, and relations of householders, and companions. 

  1. Supply protection to all full-time workers

Full-time workers usually work 30 or extra hours per week. Workers averaging lower than 30 hours per week are thought of part-time. You don’t have to supply protection to part-time or seasonal employees however you possibly can provide protection to part-time workers if you happen to select.

  1. Enroll at the very least 70 % of the staff you provide insurance coverage to

Some states have totally different minimal participation necessities (MPR). You don’t have to satisfy the minimal participation requirement between November 15 and December 15, or Open Enrollment, throughout any yr. Be aware that workers with different well being protection should not counted as “rejecting” your well being protection provide.

  1. Have an workplace or worker work web site inside the state whose SHOP you wish to use

One exception to those necessities is the variety of workers which can be counted to designate ”small group plan” by particular person states. At the moment, California, Colorado, New York, and Vermont have mandated that small group plans are outlined as group insurance coverage preparations overlaying 100 or fewer enrollees.



J.C. Lewis Insurance coverage has been an area, family-owned agency based mostly in Sonoma County since 1979, and our professional brokers provide small enterprise insurance coverage. Our mission has at all times been to supply professional recommendation and help to small enterprise homeowners in terms of group medical health insurance and group medical plans.

As well as, our agency solely offers small enterprise medical health insurance plans from the main medical health insurance carriers which can be licensed to do enterprise in states that we function in.

Not solely are we a staff of skilled, skilled brokers, however we’re additionally licensed and licensed by every of those insurance coverage carriers to supply protection to small group employers along with Medicare supplemental and prescription drug plans for seniors.

Whenever you’re considering of buying medical health insurance for your self and your workers, and probably imaginative and prescient and dental protection, you’ll probably have a number of questions and considerations.


At J.C. Lewis Insurance coverage Companies, have been completely happy to reply all of your questions on medical health insurance protection. And you may be assured that we are going to show you how to discover the suitable resolution.


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